Art Nouveau (1890-1914)

Art Nouveau was an international style that peaked in the late nineteenth century and lasted until the beginning of the First World War. It carried the influence of the Victorian and Belle Epoque styles which favoured ornamentation over simplicity, yet is characterized by the intricate, flowing lines inspired by organic shapes and natural forms. Artists and architects were encouraged to look at botany and deep-sea life - a far cry from the industrialism of the mid-1800s. Czech artist Alphonse Mucha and British architect Owen Jones (author of the Grammar of Ornament) were important figures in defining the Art Nouveau style.
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